Great! The artist on stage, the manager in the green room, the facilities team at Pandora, and the tax accountant at a music publisher are all “in the music industry.” One helpful way to figure out where in the music industry you want to be is by deciding how close you want to be to the artist.
Think of a spectrum with an artist on the far left. As you move to the right you get further and further away. Just to the right of the artist is the band manager. Then those folks working at a recording studio. Further right: at a record label. At a publisher. Concert production and promotion. At a performing rights organization. At a radio station. Further right: working at a music tech startup or more established company like Pandora, Spotify, Deezer, Soundcloud. Working at a technology company that also does music (Google/Youtube, or Apple). Or a brand or agency that uses music (Pepsi, American Express, Jeep).
When people tell me they want to be in the music industry I always ask them to narrow that down for me on this spectrum so I can make introductions or suggest good starting points to learn more about what a career in the music industry might look like, for them.